Statutory notification

Public health action

Important information

  • Infectious agent: Vibrio cholerae serotype O1 or O139
  • Transmission:  Faecal-oral, food-borne and water-borne.
  • Incubation period: few hours to 5days (usually 2 to 3 days).
  • Infectious period: While symptomatic and usually a few days post recovery. In some cases, carrier state may persist for several months. Use contact transmission- based precautions for hospitalised and institutionalised patients.
  • Case exclusion: Until asymptomatic, including normal stools, for 24 hours. If patient works in health-care, aged-care, child-care or is a food handler or attends child-care exclude until asymptomatic, including normal stools, for 48 hours, then clearance with two consecutive negative faecal specimens collected at least 24 hours apart. See Department of Health OD0490/14 – Public Health follow-up of sporadic enteric disease notification (external site).
  • Contact exclusion: Do not exclude.
  • Treatment: Oral rehydration and as recommended by the doctor.
  • Immunisation:  Cholera vaccination is available in Australia but is not completely effective. Refer to a doctor of your choice about protection against cholera before travelling overseas. See Australian Immunisation Handbook, Department of Health – Cholera (external site).


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