Meningococcal infection – meningitis, septicaemia

Statutory notification alert

Public health management

Important information

  • Infectious agent: Neisseria meningitidis bacteria.
  • Transmission: Person to person contact with respiratory droplets from nose and throat of infected person.
  • Incubation period: Usually 2 to 10 days (average 3-4 days).
  • Infectious period: Until Neisseria meningitidis bacteria are no longer present in discharges from nose and mouth.
  • Case exclusion: Exclude until antibiotic treatment has been completed.
  • Contact exclusion: Do not exclude.
  • Treatment: Antibiotic treatment as recommended by the doctor.
  • Immunisation: Recommended that children be vaccinated according to the Western Australian immunisation schedule. Persons at high risk for meningococcal disease are also recommended to have the vaccine. See Australian Immunisation Handbook, Department of Health – Meningococcal disease (external site).
  • Case follow-up: Is conducted by public health units (external site) and the Communicable Disease Control Directorate.

Guidelines for health providers

Guidelines for public health units

Notifiable disease data and reports

More information

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